1947 - A Year in Hindi Movies: Part B
Here is the second part of my post on the year 1947. We
see many people starting their life in Hindi movies and many others
approaching milestones. As usual, the name of the movie is followed by
aapakii sevaa me.n
Incomparable Lata sang her first three playback songs
for MD dattaa Daavajekar, the only three she ever sang for
him. The debut song is
"paa laaguu.n kar jorii re, shaam mose naa khelo horii".
The movie has a Rafi solo and a Rafi duet with
All eight songs were written by mahiipaal.
Let us talk about him. Born in Jodhpur on November 24,
1919, mahiipaal chandra bhaNDaarii, B. A., started out as a
poet and an actor in college. He was chosen as the hero of
the first maaravaa.Dii language film "nazaraanaa", but the
movie, which also had a Hindi version, flopped. V. Shantaram
gave him a chance to write lyrics and thus he had the unique
honor of becoming the first lyricist for Lata's playback
singing career. Subsequently, he played the roles of
kaamadev, vishhNu, naaraad, but found fame and fortune as
krishhNa in Homi Wadia's "shrii gaNesh mahimaa (1950)", for
which he was paid Rs. 600 a month. More about him later.
Back to Lata. She sang 5 songs in 1947. The fourth was
her first duet,
"chalo ho gaii taiyaar, zara Thaharo jii"
with our own Rafi, in the movie,"shaadii se pahale"
by mukharaam sharmaa for the MD's P. ramaakaant and karnaaD.
The fifth song was the railway number,
"javaanii kii rel chalii jaay re",
a chorus with main voices of Lata, Geeta and Chitalakar,
who also provided the music for this pyaare laal santoshii
song from the movie,"shahanaaii". Let us talk about this
This hit musical produced by Filmistan, starring
rehaanaa and naasir Kaa.N, had 9 songs of which two others
are still remembered. Everybody has heard the two-part,
"aanaa merii jaan merii jaan sunday ke sunday",
the first by miinaa kapuur and chitalakar and the second
shamashaad and chitalakar. Amirbai sang,
"maar kaTaarii mar jaanaa".
It was Kishor Kumar's second movie and he is mentioned at
number 11 in the credits. He played a police inspector but
still did not sing.
andho.n kii duniyaa, matavaalaa shaayar raamajoshii
manamohan krishhNa was born on August 11, 1922, in
khevii, Panjab and started his public life, just like me, as
a lecturer in physics, at Govt. College, Lahore. He met V.
Shantaram in 1945 in Bombay and got to play hero in
raajakamal kalaamandir's "andho.n kii duniyaa" with liilaa
chiTanis, munavvar sultaanaa and mahiipaal in the cast. He
sang a song,
"tujhe aap bitaanaa hai apnaa jiivan",
under Vasant Desai. But he really shone in the Hindi
of matavalaa shaayar where he sang 6 choruses and 3 duets
with zoharaabaai, also under Vasant Desai The movie is
remembered as a famous classical (Marathi) tamaashaa musical
starring hansa vaaDakar.
chittau.D vijay, niil kamal, dil kii raanii, jail yaatra
Raj Kapoor acted in all 4 movies, with Madhubala in the
first 3 and Kamini Kaushal in the fourth, in which he sang a
"piya milane navelii jaaye re"
under MD niinuu majuumadaar. niil kamal was the first
picture for Raj and Madhubala and was moderately successful.
In the cast, at number 15 is mentioned Dilip Kumar, who had
just 2 movies this year. The only movie out of these 4 that
I have seen is "dil kii raanii" which is a hilarious comedy
with the pair in the lead and the famous MD shyaam sundar as
Raj's friend. The music for the movie was given by S. D.
Burman and the movie opens with Raj doing his own playback
on a radio station with,
"o duniyaa ke rahane vaalo bolo kahaa.n gayaa
Listening on the radio is goddess Madhubala, who looks
extremely beautiful. There are 10 songs in all, 4 solos by
shayaam sundar, 3 solos by Geeta.
In 1947, Dev Anand had two
movies, "aage ba.Dho" with Khursheed, music by Sudhir
Phadke, male songs by Manna Dey, and "mohan" with
hemaavatii, music by husnalaal-bhagataraam.
uma devii sang her first song,
"afasaanaa likh rahii huu.N dile beqaraar kaa"
for naushaad, lyrics by shakiil, picturized on munavvar
sultaanaa, and shot to fame. Very few people have done that
with their debut song. Later, she developed an eating
disorder and was reduced to playing TunaTun.The movie had 10
memorable songs, 4 solos by suraiyaa, 2 more by umaa, 2 by
shamashaad, of which,
"ham dard kaa afsaanaa"
is well-known, and one duet by umaa and suraiyaa,
"betab hai dil darde muhabbat ke asar se".
This is the movie that made Geeta Roy famous. It had 9
songs, but two solos by Geeta,
"meraa sundar sapanaa biit gayaa",
"yaad karoge yaad karoge ik din hamako yaad karoge"
written by raajaa mahadii alii Kaa.N and MD'ed by Burman
will be remembered for ever. She sang 2 more solos and 2
duets. Kamini Kaushal was the heroine and Ulhas and Rajan
Haksar were the two brothers.
Manna Dey is remembered for singing,
"jhan jhan jhan jhan paayaliyaa baje",
"jug jug le avataar",
"ham kyaa jaane terii maayaa",
"jaya jagadiish hare",
in this devotional movie based on the famous work by the
12th century Bengali poet jayadev. prem adiib was the hero
and MD was gyaan datt.
Rajendra Krishan started his career by writing the
"gorii ghuu.ghaT ke paT khol"
for the MD harishachandra baalii.
miiraa and miiraabaaii
The first one starred M. S. subbulakshmii and raadhaa.
Music was by S. V. venkaTaramaN, raamanaath and naresh
bhaTTaachaarya. Lyricist was poetess miiraabaaii, who penned
all 18 songs, 15 of which were sung by M. S. It was directed
by Ellis R. Duncan, Tamil director and American
cinematographer born in Ohio in 1908. Came to India to sell
camera equipment in 1935 and stayed until 1952 making
several major Tamil films, including "satii liilaavatii"
The second movie was directed by W. Z. ahamad with his
wife niinaa (real name shaahidaa) as heroine. Music was
provided by S. K. paal, with lyrics by miiraabaaii again.
All 13 songs were sung by sitaaraa of kaanapur. The director
produced 5 pictures in all, always as his wife as heroine.
Both went to pakistan, where she died in April 1990. By the
way, this sitaaraa should not be confused with the kathak
dancer sittaraa born in Calcutta, who was married to K. Asif
(her second marriage) and who is an aunt (mausii) of Gopi
Starring rehaanaa and amar, this was the first movie of
the famous trumpeteer and MD pa.NDit raam prasaad sharmaa,
who died on August 22, 1995 at age 95. He had 6 sons of whom
4 are music directors: pyaarelaal (half of LP), mahesh,
aanaand and gaNesh. I have heard only one song composed by
him. It is by suraiya,
"kaalii ghaTaao jaao, sajan ko samajhaao",
from the movie "shakti (1948)", in which he collaborated
with aazam beg. He gave music for 7 movies, the last of
which was "magic carpet" released in 1964, when one of his
sons became famous for the music of dostii.
piyaa ghar aajaa
Bulo C. Rani directed the music while Meena Kumari sang
6 solos and 2 duets with Karan Divan, the hero.
This was the first Hindi movie of manahar desaaii
(real name Malcolm). He starred in his first movie in
gujaraatii,"Gun Sundari" with Nirupa Roy and the pair
became successful gujaraatii stars. He became well-known in
mythological pictures like Shivaratrii, satii madaalasaa and
Most of the info comes from the following:
"The Encyclopaedia of Hindi Film Songs or Hindi Film
Geet Kosh," vol. II
"Encyclopaedia of Indian Cinema"
"Limca Book of Records 1993"
Posted by Surjit Singh, a die-hard movie fan
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